Old Egyptian mummies have since a long time ago started our creative abilities, featuring in innumerable thrillers and books. Be that as it may, what are they? How were they made? Why were they made? That is the riddle of the mummy.
The Egyptian embalmment process is fundamentally a methods for saving a dead body. Without safeguarding, a body will break down, leaving just the bones. The Egyptian preservation process in this way keeps a body from breaking down, enabling the perished to take after what he looked like when he was as yet alive.
THE FINAL JUDGMENT
To the antiquated Egyptians, a man is made out of 6 unique parts: his body, ba (identity or character), ka (soul of life), akh (eternal soul), and additionally his name and his shadow. A man isn’t entire on the off chance that he is feeling the loss of any of these parts.
The old Egyptians had faith in the great beyond. They trusted that when a man kicked the bucket, he kept living in another plane of life in the black market. Since he is as yet thought to be “alive”, each of the 6 sections of that individual ought to be in place for him to live legitimately. Thus the requirement for safeguarding of the body, and the production of the old Egyptian mummies.
An essential faith in antiquated Egypt, and the wellspring of numerous Egyptian canvases, is the Final Judgment. It depicts what occurs after a man physically kicks the bucket. The artistic creations demonstrate the as of late expired portraying his deeds to a board of judges. He is then prompted the sizes of adjust by Anubis, the jackal-headed divine force of preservation and existence in the wake of death. Here, his heart, which contains all the detestable that he has submitted, is weighed against the quill of Ma’at, goddess of truth and equity.
Thoth, the ibis-headed lord of insight, records the result. In the event that the heart is heavier, the expired is judged excessively abhorrent and undeserving of a place in the hereafter. The heart will then be eaten up by Ammit, the god with the leader of a crocodile and the body of a hippopotamus.
On the off chance that the quill of Ma’at is heavier, the individual is considered commendable, and is taken by Horus, the bird of prey headed god, to life following death and the black market, managed by Osiris.
THE MUMMIFICATION PROCESS
The points of interest of the Egyptian preservation process has been lost to time. A large portion of what we know today about the embalmment procedure originates from the works of Herodotus, the Greek voyager. From what we know, making the old Egyptian mummies is a confused procedure. Herodotus’ works demonstrate that the whole procedure takes 70 days, from the season of death till the mummy is covered.
Right off the bat, the inward organs are evacuated. All organs are evacuated with the exception of the heart, which the antiquated Egyptians accepted to be the focal point of a man’s being.
To expel the organs from the stomach hole, (for example, the lungs, stomach, liver and digestive organs), a little cut is made in the left guts, and the organs expelled from that point. The organs are then washed down and put away in 4 canopic containers, speaking to the Four Sons of Horus. These jugs will be covered together with the mummy.
The cerebrum is likewise expelled. A guided instrument is embedded into the skull by means of the nose. The snare is then used to haul out the cerebrum in little pieces.
The subsequent stage in the Egyptian preservation process is to dry the body. In the event that there is any water staying in the body, microbes will develop and make the body break down. The drying operator is natron, a blend of salts found along the Nile valley. By covering the body with natron for most of the 70 days, it will be totally dried.
After the natron is evacuated, the body is then wrapped utilizing cloth and gum. Many yards of cloth are utilized, and generally secured with blessed engravings. The completed mummy is then covered in his tomb together with his belonging.
Egyptologists have since quite a while ago thought about whether this procedure as depicted by Herodotus could truly make the old Egyptian mummies. In 1994, a group of researchers at the University of Maryland, USA, nearly took after the Egyptian embalmment process and effectively made a mummy that was free of microscopic organisms and rot. In this way the riddle of the mummy is at long last tackled.